Discover How to Find Your Hair Type in 2023: Expert Tips and Techniques for Unlocking Your Hair’s True Potential

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how to find your hair type

Key Factors to Consider When Determining Your Hair Type

Determining your hair type is essential for understanding how to properly care for and style your hair. There are several key factors to consider when determining your hair type:

Hair Texture

One of the main factors in determining your hair type is the texture of your hair. Hair texture refers to the thickness or diameter of each individual strand of hair. There are three main categories of hair texture: fine, medium, and coarse. Fine hair strands are smaller in diameter and can often appear thin or wispy. Medium hair strands have a moderate diameter and are neither too thick nor too thin. Coarse hair strands are larger in diameter and can appear thick or bulky.

Hair Density

Hair density refers to the number of individual strands of hair on your scalp. It can be categorized as low, medium, or high density. Low-density hair has fewer individual strands, while high-density hair has more strands packed closely together. Medium-density falls somewhere in between.

Hair Porosity

Hair porosity refers to how well your hair can absorb and retain moisture. It is determined by the condition of the cuticle layer, which is the outermost layer of each strand of hair. High porosity means that the cuticles are lifted or damaged, allowing moisture to easily enter but also escape quickly. Low porosity means that the cuticles are tightly closed, making it difficult for moisture to penetrate the shaft.

Identifying Your Hair Texture and Its Specific Characteristics

Identifying your specific hair texture is an important step in understanding how to care for and style your hair effectively:

Fine Hair Texture

Fine hair tends to be delicate and more prone to damage. It can appear thin or lack volume. Styling products and techniques that add volume and texture, such as mousse or texturizing sprays, are often beneficial for fine hair. However, it is important to avoid heavy products that can weigh the hair down.

Medium Hair Texture

Medium hair texture is versatile and can handle a wide range of styles and products. It has a good balance between thickness and manageability. Medium-textured hair is less prone to breakage compared to fine hair but may still benefit from moisturizing products to maintain its health and shine.

Coarse Hair Texture

Coarse hair tends to be thicker and stronger than fine or medium-textured hair. It can withstand more heat styling and chemical treatments but may require extra moisture to prevent dryness and frizz. Heavy creams, oils, and deep conditioning treatments are often beneficial for coarse hair.

Visual Cues and Physical Attributes for Determining Your Hair Type

Examining visual cues and physical attributes of your hair can provide further insight into your specific hair type:

Curl Pattern

The curl pattern of your hair refers to the shape of your natural curls or waves. This can range from straight (no visible curl), wavy (loose S-shaped waves), curly (tighter coils), to kinky (very tight coils). Understanding your curl pattern helps in selecting appropriate styling techniques, products, and tools that work best for your specific type of curl.

Hair Shine

The level of shine in your hair can indicate its overall health and condition. Healthy hair tends to have a natural shine, while dull or lackluster hair may require additional moisture or nourishment. Assessing the shine of your hair can help determine the appropriate products and treatments to enhance its overall appearance.

Frizz and Flyaways

The presence of frizz and flyaways can indicate the level of moisture and control needed for your hair type. Excessive frizz and flyaways may suggest that your hair is dry or lacking in moisture. Understanding how prone your hair is to frizz can guide you in selecting anti-frizz products and techniques to manage it effectively.

The Role of Porosity in Determining Your Hair Type and How to Assess It

Hair porosity plays a significant role in determining your hair type as it affects how well your hair absorbs and retains moisture:

High Porosity Hair

If you have high porosity hair, the cuticles on your hair strands are raised or damaged, allowing moisture to easily enter but also escape quickly. High porosity hair tends to feel dry, rough, and may be prone to frizz. It can absorb products quickly but may require more frequent moisturizing treatments to retain hydration.

Low Porosity Hair

If you have low porosity hair, the cuticles on your hair strands are tightly closed, making it difficult for moisture to penetrate the shaft. Low porosity hair often feels smooth, shiny, and can be resistant to chemical treatments or absorbing product ingredients. Heat styling or using steam during conditioning treatments can help open up the cuticles slightly for better product absorption.

Assessing Hair Porosity

To assess your hair’s porosity, you can try the following methods:

  • Floating Strand Test: Take a strand of clean, dry hair and place it in a bowl of water. If it sinks quickly, you likely have high porosity hair. If it floats for a while before sinking, you likely have low porosity hair.
  • Slide Test: Take a strand of clean, dry hair between your fingers and slide them up the shaft from the ends towards the roots. If you feel little resistance, your hair is likely high porosity. If you feel significant resistance or a squeaky sensation, your hair is likely low porosity.

Tests and Techniques for Accurately Pinpointing Your Hair Type

While visual cues and physical attributes can provide some insight into your hair type, there are additional tests and techniques that can help accurately pinpoint it:

Paper Test

The paper test involves placing a single strand of clean, dry hair on a white piece of paper. By observing the thickness and texture of the strand against the paper’s color, you can determine if it falls into the fine, medium, or coarse category.

Elasticity Test

Elasticity refers to how well your hair stretches and returns to its original length without breaking. To perform an elasticity test, take a strand of clean, wet hair and gently stretch it. If it stretches significantly without breaking and returns to its original length when released, you likely have normal elasticity. If it stretches but does not bounce back fully or breaks easily during stretching, you may have low elasticity. If it barely stretches at all before breaking, you may have high elasticity.

Curl Pattern Test

To determine your curl pattern more accurately, wash and condition your hair as usual and allow it to air dry without any styling products. Observe the natural shape of your curls or waves once they are completely dry. This will give you a better understanding of whether your hair is straight, wavy, curly, or kinky.

The Significance of Understanding Your Hair’s Elasticity in Identifying Its Type

Understanding your hair’s elasticity is crucial for determining its type and identifying how it will respond to certain styling techniques and treatments:

Normal Elasticity

Hair with normal elasticity has the ability to stretch without breaking and then bounce back to its original length. This indicates that the protein structure within the hair strand is intact, allowing it to withstand everyday styling and manipulation without significant damage.

Low Elasticity

Hair with low elasticity stretches but does not fully return to its original length when released. It may feel weak or limp and is more prone to breakage. Low elasticity can be an indication of damaged or weakened protein structure within the hair strand.

High Elasticity

Hair with high elasticity stretches significantly before breaking and may not fully return to its original length when released. This can be a sign of excessive moisture absorption or damage to the protein structure of the hair strand. High elasticity hair may feel overly stretchy or mushy.

How Professional Hairstylists Determine Your Hair Type

Professional hairstylists have experience and expertise in determining different hair types based on various factors:

Visual Assessment

A professional hairstylist will visually assess your hair texture, density, curl pattern, shine, frizz level, and other physical attributes. They will use their trained eye to identify patterns and characteristics that indicate your specific hair type.

Tactile Evaluation

A hairstylist may also perform a tactile evaluation by running their fingers through your hair, feeling its texture, thickness, porosity, and elasticity. This hands-on approach allows them to gather additional information that may not be apparent through visual assessment alone.

Client Consultation

A thorough client consultation is essential for hairstylists to understand your hair history, concerns, and goals. They will ask questions about your current hair care routine, any chemical treatments or heat styling you regularly use, and any specific challenges you face with your hair. This information helps them in accurately determining your hair type and recommending appropriate products and services.

Debunking Common Misconceptions about Finding Your Hair Type

When determining your hair type, it is important to debunk common misconceptions that can lead to confusion:

Hair Type is Not Static

Your hair type can change over time due to various factors such as hormonal changes, aging, pregnancy, medications, or lifestyle choices. It is essential to reassess your hair type periodically to ensure you are using the most appropriate products and techniques for its current needs.

Hair Type Does Not Define Worth

Your hair type does not determine your worth or beauty. Embracing and appreciating the natural characteristics of your hair is more important than conforming to societal beauty standards. Every hair type is unique and beautiful in its own way.

There Are No “Good” or “Bad” Hair Types

All hair types have their own challenges and advantages. It is important to focus on understanding and embracing your specific hair type rather than comparing it to others. Each type requires different care routines and styling techniques for optimal health and appearance.

Using Your Hair Type to Choose Appropriate Products and Styling Techniques

Understanding your specific hair type allows you to choose products and styling techniques that cater to its unique needs:

Product Selection

Based on your hair type, you can select shampoos, conditioners, and styling products that are specifically formulated to address its needs. For example, if you have fine hair, lightweight and volumizing products may be more suitable. If you have coarse hair, richer and moisturizing products can help nourish and tame frizz.

Styling Techniques

Different hair types require different styling techniques to achieve desired results. For example, those with curly or kinky hair may benefit from the curly girl method, which emphasizes moisture retention and minimizing heat styling. Those with straight or wavy hair may prefer using heat tools for achieving specific styles.

Heat Protection

If you frequently use heat styling tools like flat irons or curling irons, it is important to choose products that offer heat protection. These products create a barrier between your hair and the heat, reducing the risk of damage and maintaining the health of your hair.

Possible Changes in Hair Type Over Time and Contributing Factors

Your hair type can change over time due to various factors:

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or certain medical conditions can affect your hair’s texture, thickness, and even curl pattern. It is not uncommon for women to experience changes in their hair type during these life stages.


As we age, our hair naturally undergoes changes. It may become finer in texture or lose density due to hormonal shifts or natural aging processes. Understanding these changes allows for appropriate adjustments in care routines and product choices.

Chemical Treatments

Chemical treatments such as perming, relaxing, or coloring can alter the structure and characteristics of your hair. These treatments can temporarily or permanently change your hair type, requiring adjustments in care and styling techniques.

Environmental Factors

Exposure to environmental factors like sun, wind, humidity, and pollution can impact the health and appearance of your hair. These factors may cause dryness, frizz, or damage over time, which can affect your hair type and require modifications in your hair care routine.

In conclusion, understanding your hair type is crucial for effective hair care and styling. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can easily determine your hair type and make informed decisions about the products and techniques that will best suit your specific needs.

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